Kościuszko Mound

The Polish nation decided to commemorate Kościuszko by means of a permanent and simple monument. It was decided that a symbolic tomb will be raised for the Leader, built of native soil and stones, after the pre-historic Cracovian mounds of Krak and Wanda, shrouded by legends.

The place selected for the monument was the hill of Blessed Bronisława. The hill, also known as Sikornik, is situated in the Western part of Cracow, in the Zwierzyniec quarter.The building of Mound had lasted three years and ended in 1823. Princess Izabela Czartoryska of Puławy sent some soil from the Maciejowice battleground and it was deposited in the Mound. Later soil was also brought from Szczekociny and Dubienka. The history of Kościuszko Mound is very long...This is the place, where met the most important people not only for Poland, but also for the whole world. Now, the Kościuszko Mound is usually open all year from 9 am till dusk. On March 24 and on the national holidays of the May 3 and November 11, admission to the Mound is free of charge. On those days flags fluttering from the top of the Mound can be seen from the city centre. On July 4 – the American national holiday - the American flag flies next to the Polish one.

The Kościuszko Mound is also the place, where we can visit two interesting exhibitions:

1. TADEUSZ KOŚCIUSZKO AND KOŚCIUSZKO TRADITIONS IN CRACOW

The aim of the exhibition is to bring the person of Kościuszko as a hero of the war for independence in the United States and the Leader of the Insurrection of 1794, closer to the visitors. It also presents the history of the Mound as a special place of memory and cult of the Hero. It provides information about the catastrophe and restoration of the Mound (the exhibition can be accessed through the Caponier terrace). Nevertheless, the exhibition is just a tentative arrangement.

2.  “THE POLISH PEOPLES’ ROADS TO LIBERTY”- the Exhibition of Wax Figures

One can see Kościuszko talking with Washington and Pułaski in the course of military activities in the United States, General Jan Henryk Dąbrowski, the founder of the Legions, for whom Józef Wybicki wrote a song, which became the national Anthem. There is also Chopin playing the piano. The visitors are led through insurrectional sequences of 1830/31 and 1863/4 and the prison cell of a patriot - conspirator. The first floor shows Bartosz Głowacki, who wins a cannon from the Muscovites during the battle at Racławice, and Jan Matejko painting his famous work Kościuszko at Racławice, the original of which can be admired in the Gallery of Polish 19th Century Painting and Sculpture in the Cloth Hall in Cracow. The chronology of the episodes in the exhibition is slightly upset, which was caused by uncomfortable conditions of the confined space. Further on, Henryk Sienkiewicz in the privacy of his studio is composing the Trilogy, to lift the spirits of the compatriots. There is also Ignacy Paderewski and Józef Piłsudski, and finally John Paul II getting out of the helicopter, as well as sister Faustine praying in front of the painting of the Merciful Jesus. This is a clear allusion to the Message of Mercy, delivered by the Pope in 2002 in Cracow and the consecration of the basilica of the Divine Mercy Sanctuary in Łagiewniki and establishing the city of Cracow as the world centre of this cult. Every episode and every scene presented at the Exhibition of Wax Figures is accompanied by detailed descriptions.

Admission fees:

From 9.00am till dusk:

Normal ticket - 6 zł
Reduced ticket - 4 zł (student id, seniors)
Family ticket - 10 zł (parents along with children 14 years old or younger)

From may 1st till September 30st, from dusk till 11.00 pm (Friday, Saturday, Sunday and holidays):

Normal ticket - 8 zł
Reduced ticket - 4 zł (student id, seniors)
Family ticket - 12 zł (parents along with children 14 years old or younger)

More informations you can find on the official Kościuszko Mound website.

The article is published with the consent and through the kindness the Kościuszko Mound Commitee.

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